Je T aime, Bruxelles – athinameetsworld

Adjective of Belgium

10 year member
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No, Holland and the Netherlands are not the same. Holland is not really a country - it's part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, just as Texas is part of the USA, or England is part of the United Kingdom. It would be incorrect to refer to someone from Scotland as English, for example. But Scottish, English, or Welsh - they are all British. So is Dutch just for Holland, or the whole Kingdom?

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In many countries, The Netherlands is often referred to as "Holland". This usage is technically incorrect, as "Holland" is actually a region in the central-western part of The Netherlands, divided into two provinces.

Dutch ethnicity

An ethnic group or ethnicity is a population of human beings whose members identify with each other, usually on the basis of a presumed common genealogy or ancestry.[38] Ethnic groups are also often united by common cultural, behavioural, linguistic, ritualistic, or religious traits. The defining characteristics of the Dutch as an ethnic group (although no longer as obvious as before) are:

Religion: Although a single religion no longer plays a dominant role in the Netherlands, [39] Dutch society is nevertheless influenced by Christian tradition which is imminent in the landscape dominated by Church towers, Christian holidays (Christmas, Easter, Ascension), several biblical proverbs and sayings. A recent revival of Christian faith is also apparent in Dutch politics where Christian parties form the majority of the current cabinet.

Language: The Dutch share a common language, Dutch.
Culture: The Dutch culture is a north-western European culture, be it with quite a few unique elements. Dutch customs are also different from other European countries.

Ancestry: The main specific ancestry of the Dutch are the Franks, a migratory Germanic people (themselves an alliance of a number of smaller tribes) who arrived, and settled, in the Low Countries during the collapse of the Roman Empire, and the migration period.[40][41]

13 year member
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To answer the question directly, if you are an English-speaker, you can refer to all of the residents of The Netherlands as "Dutch, " since the term does not refer solely to the province of Holland (and it originally referred to a language).

However, the residents of The Netherlands do not call themselves "Dutch": they are "Nederlanders".

Scroll down to "Nederlanders":